Matsuo Basho, born in 1644 in Ueno in Iga Province, was one of the greatest poets of Japan. He was teaching Chinese classics and poetry and after he retired in 1680, he left to Fukugawa and lived there for nine years that mark several important moments in his life. The reason why Fukugawa is so meaningful to him is that he produced the most works while living in Fukugawa. Matsuo Bashō started in 1689 his journey to the Northern Honshū and wrote about his travel journals in Fukagawa.
One of the important factor about him is his cottage, “Basho-an” which is in the house where he used to live while he was in Fukagawa. It is called the “Basho-an” because of the basho tree planted by one of his disciples. His Basho-An is preserved well for historical spot with a scenery of samurai residence, but it disappeared in the 19th century.
One of the most famous work by Matsuo Basho is Oku no Hosomichi (The Narrow Road to the Deep North). His travels are described in this work.